A blog by Devendra Tewari
This post documents using the
dotnet command to create a class library solution from scratch. The solution builds a class library project, and a MS unit test project that tests the class library.
To create an empty solution called
dotnet new sln [--force] -n MySolution
sln is just one of several templates supported by the command. To see a list, try
dotnet new -l. Additional templates can be installed using
dotnet new --install e.g. AvaloniaUI.
To create a new class library project
dotnet new classlib [--force] -n MyLibrary
This creates a folder called
MyLibrary and a
MyLibrary.csproj file in it. Any C# files in the
MyLibrary folder will be compiled during build.
MyLibrary exists, use
--force to replace the exiting project file.
If your project has an
AssemblyInfo.cs that contains assembly attributes, you can edit project file to exclude autogeneration of assembly attributes
<Project Sdk="Microsoft.NET.Sdk"> <PropertyGroup> <TargetFramework>netstandard2.0</TargetFramework> <GenerateAssemblyInfo>false</GenerateAssemblyInfo> </PropertyGroup> <ItemGroup> <PackageReference Include="Microsoft.CSharp" Version="4.4.0" /> </ItemGroup> </Project>
Otherwise, you’ll get errors such as
obj/Debug/netcoreapp2.0/MyLibrary.AssemblyInfo.cs(10,12): error CS0579: Duplicate 'System.Reflection.AssemblyCompanyAttribute' attribute ...
Also, note the use of
Microsoft.CSharp package in the project file. That is required to use C# language features such as dynamic. Without it, you’ll get an error such as
MyClass.cs(177,50): error CS0656: Missing compiler required member 'Microsoft.CSharp.RuntimeBinder.CSharpArgumentInfo.Create'
To add package reference, head into the
MyLibrary project folder and run
dotnet add MyLibrary.csproj package Microsoft.CSharp
Then, run the following to restore package(s) from nuget
Head over to the solution folder. To add the class library project to the solution, and build the solution
dotnet sln [MySolution.sln] add MyLibrary/MyLibrary.csproj dotnet build
Specifying solution name is optional if you’ve got just one solution file in a folder.
To add a new MS unit test project
dotnet new mstest [--force] -n MyLibraryTest
MyLibraryTest and add a reference to
MyLibrary and package references
dotnet add MyLibraryTest.csproj reference ../MyLibrary/MyLibrary.csproj dotnet add MyLibraryTest.csproj package Microsoft.CSharp dotnet restore
Head over to the solution folder, build, and run unit tests
dotnet build dotnet test MyLibraryTest
That wraps up the basic usage of
dotnet to create and maintain a simple .NET Core class library project.